Activated charcoal or activated carbon is a form of carbon that has been processed from source material such as peat, oil fields, wood, coal, husk, charcoal, and nutshells. Treatment involves both physical and chemical reactivation activation provides a highly porous form of charcoal, thus making it have a large surface area available for adsorption or chemical coal reactions.
The be “active” when acid is added to a very high temperature steam is added to one of the source materials listed above. This oxidative process further erodes the inner surface of the coal, thus increasing the adsorption capacity by creating an internal network even smaller pores rendering it two or three times as effective as regular charcoal. Put this in perspective, a standard dose of 50 grams of activated charcoal has a surface area of 10 area football fields.
One main active charcoal used in treating poisoning or overdose after oral consumption. While this is useful in acute poisoning, are not effective in the long-term accumulation of toxins such as toxic herbicides. As a result, activated charcoal is used widely as an emergency use, Gastrointestinal tract (GI), which includes the stomach and intestines, and is considered one of the most effective agent available to eliminate toxins ingested. It is used after a person swallows or absorbs almost any toxic drug or chemical substance and often times eliminates the need for the failure of the stomach (gastric lavage), although the two can combine where patients should go to the hospital within 30 minutes after ingestion of drugs or chemicals. Gastric lavage is not very useful if the time interval between consumption and go to the hospital for more than 30-45 minutes. The use of activated charcoal alone is preferred in this case and is expected to reduce the absorption of toxic substances by 60%. It should be noted that gastric lavage has no effect reaches the stomach surface, such as activated charcoal, working through the entire length of the stomach, small and large intestines (gastrointestinal tract). It is administered orally with water.
Activated charcoal exerts its effect by adsorption, which is the process by which atoms and molecules move from the bulk phase (such as solid, liquid or gas) to the surface of a solid or liquid. Toxic substance that sticks to the surface of the coal and the solvent removed in vain, is not absorbed into the blood stream, it remains widely GI tract and toxins are eliminated when people pass stool. Because of that, often times, combined with sorbitol (a substance that stimulates the stomach to move, such as laxatives) to shorten the amount of time spent moving through the digestive tract and reduces the likelihood of constipation wide. However, to avoid complications, sorbitol is not given with each dose of active charcoal.
Other with activated charcoal: -1. Use a carbon filter for drinking water and household water purification make it drink. In this case, it is often combined with silver which acts as an excellent antibacterial agent preventing bacteria multiply in the filter. Mixing is also biodegradable organic compounds such as pesticides toxic to non-toxic organic products, further purify the water and make it more potable.2. Like odor eliminator at home, especially for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, kitchen etc. 3. It is used to relieve flatulence, stop diarrhea in cancer patients undergoing treatment with irinotecan and efficient in reducing a variety of “stomach problems” in general.4. It can be mixed with a preparation rich face cream to make activated carbon pore exfoliating mask to cleanse the face and body skin in general applications.5. Can be used to ease the pain stings, insect bites, bruises, and can make a poultice and applied to bruises and swelling on body.6. There is some evidence of effectiveness as a treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It is also used for bowel preparation by reducing intestinal gas content before abdominal radiography to visualize bile, pancreatic and kidney stones.7. A type of charcoal biscuit actively marketed as a treatment of animals product.
In conclusion, activated charcoal is a very useful first aid medication every family should have a first aid box.